Hypertension is a real public health problem; in Germany 16 million people are affected. Possible consequences can be heart attack, stroke, eye damage, including blindness, and kidney failure. Vascular damage may occur in all organs.
A blood pressure value above 140/90 is called hypertension. Whether a blood pressure needs medication, and if so which one, depends on the patient's age.
An earlier rule was:
Hypertension needs treatment if a patient over 60 years exceeds values of 160/95. For younger patients, the rule was: age + 100 = upper limit; the second figure should always be below 95.
Nowadays we have stricter guidelines. People with blood pressure between 120/80 and 140/80 are sometimes classified as vulnerable and as in need of treatment. This area is called "pre-hypertensive".
I think this is very questionable and would like to refer to a study by Professor Meyer from Munich:
According to this study, 93 patients would have to be treated for 5 years with blood pressure medicines, so that a single stroke could be prevented. To prevent a single heart disease, 178 patients would have to be treated for five years.
Reversed this means: In 92 or 177 patients the costly drugs are useless; the patients only bear the risks and side effects of the drugs. It should be noted that there are 57.000 deaths through drugs annually in German hospitals, 28.000 of which could have probably been avoided.
However, no wrong impression should arise. I agree, real high blood pressure should be treated strictly, and often this is only possible with medication. But before starting a drug treatment, the consequences and alternative treatments should be examined closely.
Naturopathy offers only few remedies for high blood pressure, but they are not negligible. They come from homeopathy, orthomolecular medicine, and dietetics. Sports and weight loss also help to normalize blood pressure. If it proves insufficient to adjust the blood pressure through lifestyle and naturopathic therapy, conventional medical treatment should be carried out because of the dangers of high blood pressure.